FAQ - questions around vinyl records
Our FAQ Section is now completely available in english!
Do you prefer labelstickers with your own design? sweet! let's go and choose:
- "design custom label" with our labeldesigner in the webshop, We print and stick them onto your vinyl! (our recommendation)
- or "a4 labels", a labelsheet for printing the labels on your own. For experienced printer users only!
If you would like to have a cover with your own design just choose "custom cover print" and design your cover in the coverdesigner, or upload the graphics at the end of the order!
5"cd - size pocket battle disc´s come in a neat metal box and a white label.
Vinyl records (dubplates) :
We ship within a maximum of 5 working days. Often even faster.
If it has to go very fast we have our 2 working days to shipping Prime Service.
The time starts to run after we have received your order, tracks and payment.
It always depents on which information we send you in the order mail. On our home page you will always find the current time.
Our vinyl shortrun bundles are ready for shipping after 10 working days!
Vinyl Pressings (starting at 100 pieces):
For 12inch vinyl pressing it takes about 8 weeks.
For 7inch vinyl pressings about 6 weeks.
we can make the following sizes:
12 inch: Standard LP or maxi single, 33 or 45 ar-pee-ems
10 inch: Maxis, transfer from 78 rpm disks and shellacks
7 inch : Singles for da dancehall masters and your oldies andd jukeboxes
5 inch : Pocket Battle Disk max. 2 minutes playtime
Cutting characteristics of records - that is why a phono preamplifier is needed
A cutting characteristic is a predetermined equalizer curve that includes decreasing or boosting certain frequency ranges of an audio signal before cutting on a disk / master disk. When playing a record, this signal must be "reversed back" or equalized again with a phono amplifier, so the signal can be reproduced as intended.
Without a phono preamplifier, the signal from a vinyl record would sound undefined and with a lack of bass frequencies, if you want to try it, just connect the turntable (without built in Phono preamp) directly to the Aux or Line-in input of the amp ...;)
Heavy technical background for the curious
When the shellac record was invented in 1896 there was no cutting characteristic until 1925, since all records were acoustically recorded until then and were played by acoustic gramophones. From the beginning of the electrical recording of shellac records circa 1925 there was a variety of cutting characteristics due to the larger possible frequency bandwidth depending on the manufacturer. These were required because of the physical limitations of the cut grooves. In 1954, the standardized cutting characteristic of the RIAA (Record Industry Association of America) was enforced. thanks to that it is possible to store a very large amount of sound information in the grooves without losses of frequency components, and also to play it back again!
an acoustic gramophone for example did not equalize the audio signal, because there wasn't anything to equalize, it just played the shellac disk 1:1 the way it was cut. These recordings only included frequencies from about 150Hz to 4000Hz.
Nearly all stereo vinyl records are cut after the RIAA standard (since about 1954), which means that the audio signal is adjusted before the cut by a fixed EQ cutting line. For playing it back it has to be amplified and equalized by a phono preamp (or the phono input on your amp or av-reciever) again to achieve the original signal image.
- Shipping to Austria via postal service takes approximately 2 days.
- Express shipping to austria (EMS) normally takes 1 day. tracking number sent with invoice.
- Cost: 6.- Euro plus 0,50.- Euro per lp.
- EMS Cost: (+ 9.- Euro)
- Shipping via POST AG takes 2-4 days. No Next day shipping (Dr. Dub is situated where the crows fly backward). tracking number sent with invoice.
- Cost: 12.- Euro plus 1.- Euro per lp.
- Shipping via Post costs 15.- plus 1.- per lp.
- tracking number sent with invoice
Rest of the world:
- Priority shipping, registered shipping via austria post. Can take anywhere from 4 days to 2 weeks, depending on where you hang out.
- we ensure shipping within 2 working days. We'll do overtime for you if needed! more info here.
We ship monday to friday, weekends we refuse to ship.
From 30 and more lps shipping is free (not for pressings)!
Please ensure the condition of the box when you receive the packet. If it is destroyed, do not sign the shipping papers and notify us in a timely manner.
If we cut your vinyl disks on the neumann VMS66 Machine it is basically the same process as if cutting a laquer master.
- lighly linear frequency response
- very transparent sound
- exact stereo imaging
The neumann is the Mercedes Benz among record cutters and delivers top notch quality regarding any aspect. Please do not choose this option if you want us to cut mp3's. The Germans call this "perlen vor die säue werfen..."
If something has been overlooked while creating a cover or labels and the order has already been placed, you can contact us here.
please mention your order number - we will activate the editing of your graphic files via the personal upload window again, Then you can edit again, if everything fits, just click on Save!
MIND: After the invoice has already been sent or the order has been queued in the studio, no changes can be made.
you can send us the following audio formats: .wav, .aif, .aiff, .mp3, .flac, .ogg, m4a.
.mp3 is not losslessly compressed. compared to .wav or aiff. information is omitted in order to minimize the size of the file. there are quite audible differences depending on how and how much compressed your .mp3 is.
some theory :
Audio is presented in the form of a curve. In a vinyl record this curve is cut (very simplified), digitally this will with described using 0 & 1 parameters.
This determines a number of horizontal and vertical dots (as in a graph) and should approach the shape of a curve. strictly speaking this is no curve but a up and down from horizontal and vertical lines. In wav files scaling is relatively fine. to see the edges and corners one would have to 'zoom' in quite far. With .mp3's larger steps are taken to represent the curve. This makes the image 'edgier'.
As a comparison: Photos are also displayed in the digital world, in pixels. More pixels mean a larger resolution, a sharper image and better quality
Whether .mp3 files sound good on vinyl, we can only tell after a test cut. you can assume that good .mp3 files are also ok on vinyl. But if you do 'hear' the .mp3 file there is a a high probabilty that your music will not sound good...
Unfortunately, we can not accept complaints about the sound quality of very compressed file formats. Likewise, errors can be caused by mixed file formats and bit rates. Please specify if you send us "cabbage and turnips" ...
If the total length of your songs is 30 seconds longer than the given playing time per side that's fine!
It's also ok for example if you choose a 12inch with 12min / side (24min total time) that has a A-side with 14min. & a B-side with 10min.
At Dr.Dub you have (for the first time in history of vinyl) the opportunity to design your custom label stickers (A+B) and cover directly online while ordering. we print and finish them for you.
Advantage: You do not have to be a master of art or a graphic artist and pay attention to dimensions or color profiles, easy right?
Here you can test the label designer & cover designer outside of an order and export your finished designs as a file by clicking on "preview":
More informations about cover prices & templates here
It's easy and there are several ways to do it:
- easiest with our upload tool
At the end of your order we will guide you on your personal page. Here you can drop your files via drag & drop. You can also upload or change them later. We confirm your title list via email. After that, no change is possible.
- using external upload services
- with ftp
if you submit your files via ftp, please send us a short email when you have loaded your tracks on ftp.drdub.com. recommended programs for this are filezilla and cuteftp for the mac. We will send you the login data according to your order.
- by email
You can also send us the files by email to email@example.com. please make sure that you do not attach more than 15mb of files per email. if necessary you can simply send several mails.
- oldschool - by post
You can also send us the files by post. please give your order number or at least a readable name and send everything to:
dr. dub, lindauweg 15, a-6391 fieberbrunn / tyrol, austria on dat, md, tape, mc, cdr, usb stick, or data cd.
In order to get the best sound result out of your records, the correct playback speed in connection with the playing time is an important thing! In this table you will quickly find the right RPM we recommend you to get the best result. Do not worry, just like EVERY turntable offers the possibility to play 33rpm and 45rpm!
We also cut 10inches with 78rpm, inspired by the old shellac records with 5 min. / Side
In a nutshell: No, a vinyl record can NOT be played on a gramophone.
Heavy technical background for the curious
Speaking of a gramophone, the entire acoustic reproduction is acoustically.
Exception: In mid-1920 there were already some retrofittable electric pickups for gramophones.
Theoretical requirement for vinyl records on gramophones:
- The audio on the record must be cut 100% in mono, since the gramophone can only read horizontally in grooves.
- The grooves need to be cut thicker for the "thicker" stylus (about 6 mils wide).
- 10inch diameter and 78rpm playback speed with max. 5min. Playing time, which was usual on gramophones.
This are the reasons why it still does not make sense to play vinyl records on a gramophone despite the 10inch and 78rpm format:
- The sound is very "dull" and bass is missing, because an acoustic gramophone could not equalize the audio signal from vinyl records (which is done by the "phono preamplifier" in modern record players), see RIAA-cutting-characteristic , but that wouldn't trouble you, because before that, this happens:
- The grooves of the "soft" vinyl record would (as opposed to hard shellac records) be all plowed out by the VERY high weight (about 100g!) of the grammophone stylus on the sound can.
But the other way round - it is possible to play shellac records on turntables, more info HERE !
How to play shellac correctly
To play historical shellac records on your turntable, watch out for the following steps in order not to damage the record or the pickup:
- The turntable needs to be able to turn 78rpm (old turntables until the 70's are able to do this, modern turntables rarely have this feature!) ATTENTION: there are also shellac records that have to be played with a different speed than 78rpm, like 80rpm, 100rpm, or something similar!
- Very important: Do not play shellac records with a traditional vinyl stylus, you have to use a special stylus with a wider tip radius for shellac records! Some systems offer a replaceable stylus tray for such purposes.
- But still the shellac record doesn't sound correct with a normal phono preamp, more like very "flat" and undefined, because the cutting characteristic of shellac records isn't the same like for standard stereo vinyl, which is the RIAA cutting characteristic. Depending on the manufacturer and the year, some shellacs have different cutting characteristics than other ones.
Digitizing & dubbing of shellacs
If you want to handle your shellac collectibles with care, or have no special phono preamp with various settings, which are almost only offered at unbelievable high prices (800-1000 €!), we offer you to digitize shellac records correctly and professionally or also to transfer them to 10inch Vinyl with the classic 10inch format at 78rpm! You can reach out for ous here! (But beware: playing vinyl records on gramophones
will NOT work!)
Newcomers in the world of analogue sound reproduction often ask themselves the question of how the production of a vinyl record works or is called. clearly, a legitimate question that we like to clarify!
Vinyl records are only produced by:
Even if it is often asked or expressed: No! Vinyl records can neither be burned or printed, insofar the intention is to have audiorecords made out of vinyl.
Reproductions for private use are permitted. We do not make a copy in the real sense, but master your tracks for editing on vinyl.
In particular, note:
Only a few copies may be made. Reproduction is only permitted for private use. Reproduction is only permitted if private use is actually the purpose. This is no longer the case if the duplication happens from the outset with the intention of selling, exchanging or giving away the copy. The copy must have been obtained lawfully. Illegally obtained CDs may therefore not be copied for private use. It should also be noted that reproductions that have been legally produced may not be distributed later or used for public reproduction.
This means that even copies that were originally made for private use can not later be sold, given away or played in public.
While cutting vinyl dubplates a lot of work goes into the setup, volume adjustments and test cuts of your project. After that is done it takes us exactely as long as your tracks are to cut your records!
- 5 vinyl or more
- 10 vinyl or more
- 15 vinyl or more
- 20 vinyl or more
at some point it is cheaper to have your records pressed - do the math :)
- Dub-Club Steel
5% discount / Vinyl (after 5 orders)
- Dub-Club Sapphire
10% discount / Vinyl (after 8 orders)
- Dub-Club Diamond
15% discount / Vinyl (after 12 orders)
If you register for the Dub-Club (the drdub style of a client profil) and order several times you automatically benefit from this loyality discounts.
Quantity and Dub-Club discounts will be added together. 15% Discount is the maximum.
Here you can download templates for printing your labels.
- 12 inch label, 10cm or 9,5cm diameter
- 7 inch label, 8,4cm diameter, big middle hole 3,9cm
- 7 inch (or 10 inch) label, 8,4cm diameter, small middle hole
Download and open in program of your choice...
- the shorter the recording time the better the quality!
We want every track to be recorded with the maximum possible volume and dynamics.
- 45 rpm allows a higher resolution than 33 rpm.
The possible recording time and quality depends on many criteria:
- a clean mix: the better a track is mixed and mastered, the better it sounds on record
- the more basses your mix contains, the greater the groove spacing and the shorter the recording time.
- Check your mixes for monocompatibility to avoid phase shifts in the bass range. best not use stereobasisbroadeningeffects (what a word ...).
- the louder the plate is recorded, the more groove distance is necessary and the shorter the recording time.
- extreme stereo signals call for greater groove spacing.
- extreme basses (below 20 hz) and extreme highs (above 18 khz) can not be recorded.
on the outside of a plate d*pi == 92cm per turn are available for your music. the inside of the label is only about 35cm.
The groove running speed of a 30 cm LP is on the outside at the beginning of the modulated groove at 29.2 cm diameter 50 cm/s and inside at the end of the modulated groove at 11.5 cm diameter only 20 cm/s.
This also explains the inwardly noticable decreasing sound quality of a record. Therefore, loud tracks belong to the beginning, and quietly to the end of a plate.
we can not outsmart the physics!
Dr.Dub's Guide to achieve the most delicious sound on vinyl:
Vinyl records are analog record carriers and therefore have clearly different characteristics than CD's.
if you want to achieve good results on vinyl, please note the following points in your self-produced tracks:
Vinyl sounds different than digital recordings. Of Course, that's why you're on this side.
be aware of this and do without fancy stereo and psychoacoustic effects. Similarly, digital sounds produced for a cd can not sound like that on vinyl. all sounds that deviate far from natural sounds can bring mechanical sound recording to its limits.
The lowest frequencies below approx. 400 hz must be in phase! Check if your mix also sounds good in mono. if frequencies are missing or overemphasized, something is wrong!
stereo effects in the bass are taboo. this includes the strong use of chorus / phaser in the bass section.
challenging tracks with high bass and treble have to be arranged at the beginning of a record side. the recording and reproduction conditions worsen towards the middle of the plate.
Frequencies below 20 hz can not be reproduced, as well as frequencies above 18000 khz. Frequencies above 15khz should be lowered slightly.
Frequencies between 8 and 9 khz sound particularly satiated and "crisp" on vinyl.
check your mixes for distortions and peaks. especially digital distortions (clipping!) must not exist! These can become disproportionately loud and disturbing while cutting and are the main reason if plates can only be cut by us with restrictions! So as soon as the "over" LED is on - get the hell down with the level or limits.
- if you work with masterings plugins: less is better. driving the ultramaximizer at the limit does not sound good in most cases.
- a uniform level of your recordings guarantees a consistent quality of the whole record. if your tracks have big level jumps, we normally adjust them, but do not know if you want them this way too, so please drop us a message in case you prefer to keep high level differences between your tracks.
- for very hissy recordings, we recommend the use of a de-esser for both vocals and mix generals.
- mp3 files often do not sound as good as wav's, aiff's or cdr's! By the data compression acoustic artifacts can arise, which become amplified on vinyl more intense. if you send us ripped youtube videos you have to be aware that the sound is very poor and it's not really legal anyway. if it has to be mp3's, then compress it with max. 256 kbit / sec. here the noticeable quality loss starts in the areas above 17khz, which is played by vinyl records only conditionally anyway.
- the playback quality of a record depends to a large extent on the used reproduction technique. the type of scanning system, wear and condition of the scanning needle, adjustment of the vertical pressure and anti-skating play a major role.
are you tired of always playing the same grooves? make your own! we cut them for you. send us your loops, a capella beats etc. and we pack them on vinyl for endless scratch and drumbeat sessions.
- if you need endless loops, please note the following: the tempo must be exactly 133 1/3 bpm for a 4/4 rhythm on a 12 "at 33 1/3 rpm, so your loop must be exactly 1.8 sec! loops which are supposed to run at 45 rpm need to have exactly 180bpm and be 1 1/3 seconds long!
The requirement for Locked Grooves in your online vinyl order is Mastering Quality.
For any number of Locked grooves, we also charge 12.5 € per side (5 ", 7", 10 ", 12").
due to the demand we also cut from inside to outside!
So the 1 track starts now in the middle and not on the outer edge.
Not only to surprise your friends, it also has soundtechnical advantages!
Only available from us!
You pay the invoice amount through the online provider PayPal. You have to be registered there or register first, legitimize with your access data and confirm the payment order to us. Further information can be found during the ordering process.
Bank transfer (prepayment)
When selecting the payment method in advance, we give you our bank details in the order confirmation and begin with the production of plates after we receive your payment confirmation.
Registered letter to us works too, or you come over.
We use standard black pvc / vinyl plates with 1,5mm thickness. In our assortment you will also find various colored and transparent vinyl with real "heavy" 2mm or 180gramm!
every single plate has been checked and is made especially for our cutter. This makes them extremely durable and there are no problems with scratching. thanks to the deep groove cut, our plates are even better for scratching than conventionally pressed plates.
transparent vinyl with 1.0 mm is also possible and is particularly suitable for quick and easy scratching, but is unfortunately more sensitive. unfortunately, only one side can be played here.
For Masters we use plates from Apollo. Very precise reproduction but unfortunately not quite as durable and expensive.