FAQ - questions around vinyl records

we can make the following sizes:

12 inch: Standard LP or maxi single, 33 or 45 ar-pee-ems
10 inch: Maxis, transfer from 78 rpm disks and shellacks
7 inch : Singles for da dancehall masters and your oldies andd jukeboxes
5 inch : Pocket Battle Disk max. 2 minutes playtime

12inch, 10inch & 7inch include: innersleeve, cover, pvc protective sleeve and a white label.

Do you prefer labelstickers with your own design? sweet! let's go and choose:

  • "design custom label" with our labeldesigner in the webshop, We print and stick them onto your vinyl! (our recommendation)
  • or "a4 labels", a labelsheet for printing the labels on your own. For experienced printer users only!

If you would like to have a cover with your own design, just choose "custom cover print" and design your cover in the coverdesigner, or upload the graphics at the end of the order!

5"cd - size pocket battle disc´s come in a neat metal box and a white label.

Vinyl records (dubplates) :

We ship within a maximum of 1 week - often even faster.
If it's urgent we also offer Prime-Service (available at the check-out) to get your vinyl order ready for shipping in 1-2 business days.

The time starts to run after we have received your order, tracks and payment.

It always depends on the information we send you in the order mail. On our home page you will always find the current production time.

Vinyl shortruns (starting at 6 pieces):

Our vinyl shortrun bundles are ready for shipping within 1-2 weeks.

Vinyl Pressings (starting at 100 pieces):

For 12inch vinyl pressing it takes about 3-4 months.
For 7inch vinyl pressings about 3 months.

(For vinyl duplates)

the shipping duration is only regarding the time of shipping. please also note the current processing time until shipping, as given on the front page.


  • Standard shipping to Austria via GLS takes approximately 3 days, tracking number will be sent with invoice mail
  • Cost: 6.-€ (free shipping from 150,-€)
  • Post Express shipping to austria normally takes 1 business days, tracking number will be sent with invoice mail
  • Post Express additional Cost: +9.-€


  • Standard shipping via POST AG takes 3-5 business days, tracking number will be sent with invoice mail
  • Cost: 8.-€ (free shipping from 150,-€)
  • DHL-Express shipping to germany normally takes 2 business days, tracking number will be sent via e-mail as soon as the parcel gets picked up
  • DHL-Express additional cost: +27.-€


  • Standard shipping via Post or GLS costs 12.-€ to 18,-€, tracking number will be sent with invoice mail
  • DHL-Express shipping to european countries normally takes 2 business days, tracking number will be sent via e-mail as soon as the parcel gets picked up

Rest of the world:

  • Registered shipping via austria post - Can take anywhere from 4 days to 2 weeks, depending on where you hang out
  • DHL-Express shipping outside europe normally takes 3-6 business days, tracking number will be sent via e-mail as soon as the parcel gets picked up

Prime Service:

  • we ensure ready shipping within 1-2 business days. We'll do overtime for you if needed! more info here

Shipping info - Destination Country:

The shipping duration is only regarding to shipping. Please also take note of the current processing time until shipping as given on the front page.

We ship monday to friday, weekends and public holidays we refuse to ship.

Please ensure the condition of the box when you receive the packet. If it is destroyed, do not sign the shipping papers and notify us in a timely manner.

On our homepage, you can find the current production times. the shipping time needs to be added on top of that.

You can calculate the arrival time by adding production time and shipping time to your date of order.
If your order is overdue, don't hesitate to contact us!

The tracking number is in the mail with the invoice.

If you need your order earlier, you can upgrade to "prime service". Send us a mail - we'll work overtime.

The ultimate battle tool is only available from us:

on 12cm (5inch), we cut your favorite battle tracks, intros, loops, signations etc.
at 45 rpm, max. 2 min. with amazingly good quality on it. It's clear that the lowest sounds and maximum loudness cannot be achieved quite well here, but do not be fooled - these small guys sound good!

We tested the "pocket battle discs" (pbd's) and took them everywhere during the last weeks. We sat on them and had them in our pocket while boarding: The pbd's can withstand it!

the vinyl is 2mm thick and can be pushed into any cd case. so you can always stick to your tracks in case of an emergency!

the pocket battle disc (pbd) is delivered in a sturdy, round metal tin so you can carry it everywhere.

We use standard black pvc / vinyl plates with 1,5mm thickness. In our assortment, you will also find various colored and transparent vinyl with "heavy" 2mm or 180gramm!

every single plate has been checked and is made especially for our cutter. This makes them extremely durable and there are no problems with scratching. thanks to the deep groove cut, our plates are even better for scratching than conventionally pressed plates.

transparent vinyl with 1.0 mm is also possible and is, on the one hand, particularly suitable for quick and easy scratching, and on the other, more sensitive. unfortunately, only one side can be played here.

go ahead and bend me over...
go ahead and bend me over...

due to the demand we also cut from inside to outside!
So the first track starts now in the middle and not on the outer edge.

Not only to surprise your friends, it also has soundtechnical advantages!

Only available from us!

inside out
inside out

Dr.Dub's Guide to achieve the most delicious sound on vinyl:

Vinyl records are analog record carriers and, therefore, have clearly different characteristics in comparison to CD's.

we include a basic vinyl mastering for all one-off records, that means we make sure the tracks sound good on vinyl!

if you want to achieve good results on vinyl, please note the following points in your self-produced tracks:

  • Vinyl sounds different than digital recordings. Of course, that's why you're on this side.

  • be aware of this and do without fancy stereo and psychoacoustic effects. Similarly, digital sounds produced for a cd cannot sound like that on vinyl. all sounds that deviate far from natural sounds can bring mechanical sound recording to its limits.

  • The lowest frequencies below approx. 400 hz must be in phase! Check if your mix also sounds good in mono. if frequencies are missing or overemphasized, something is wrong!

  • stereo effects in the bass are taboo. this includes the strong use of chorus / phaser in the bass section.

  • challenging tracks with high bass and treble have to be arranged at the beginning of a record side. the recording and reproduction conditions worsen towards the middle of the plate.

  • Frequencies below 20 hz cannot be reproduced as well as frequencies above 18000 khz. Frequencies above 15khz should be slightly lowered.

  • Frequencies between 8 and 9 khz sound particularly satiated and "crisp" on vinyl.

  • check your mixes for distortions and peaks. especially digital distortions (clipping!) must not exist! These can become disproportionately loud and disturbing while cutting and are the main reason why plates can only be cut by us with restrictions! So... as soon as the "over" LED is on - get the hell down with the level or limits.

  • if you work with mastering plugins: less is better. driving the ultramaximizer at the limit does not sound good in most cases.
  • an uniform level of your recordings guarantees a consistent quality of the whole record. if your tracks have big level jumps, we normally adjust them, but do not know if you want them this way too. so please drop us a message in case you prefer to keep high level differences between your tracks.
  • for very hissy recordings, we recommend the use of a de-esser for both vocals and mix generals.
  • .mp3 files often do not sound as good as wav's, aiff's or cdr's! By the data compression acoustic artifacts can arise, which become amplified on vinyl. if you send us ripped youtube videos, you have to be aware that the sound is very poor and it's not really legal anyway. if it has to be mp3's, then compress it with max. 256 kbit / sec. here the noticeable quality loss starts in the areas above 17khz, which is played by vinyl records only conditionally anyway.
  • the playback quality of a record depends to a large extent on the used reproduction technique. the type of scanning system, wear and condition of the scanning needle, adjustment of the vertical pressure and anti-skating play a major role.

in principle:

  • the shorter the recording time, the better the quality!
    We want every track to be recorded with the maximum possible volume and dynamics.
  • 45 rpm allows a higher resolution than 33 rpm.

The possible recording time and quality depends on many criteria:

  • a clean mix: the better a track is mixed and mastered, the better it sounds on record
  • the more basses your mix contains, the greater the groove spacing and the shorter the recording time.
  • Check your mixes for monocompatibility to avoid phase shifts in the bass range. best not use stereobasis-broadening-effects (what a word ...).
  • the louder the plate is recorded, the more groove distance is necessary and the shorter the recording time.
  • extreme stereo signals call for greater groove spacing.
  • extreme basses (below 20 hz) and extreme highs (above 18 khz) cannot be recorded.

the physics

on the outside of a plate d*pi == 92cm per turn are available for your music. the inside of the label is only about 35cm.

The groove running speed of a 30 cm LP is on the outside at the beginning of the modulated groove at 29.2 cm diameter 50 cm/s and inside at the end of the modulated groove at 11.5 cm diameter only 20 cm/s.

This also explains the inwardly noticable decreasing sound quality of a record. Therefore, loud tracks belong to the beginning, and quietly to the end of a plate.

we cannot outsmart physics!

Here you can download templates for printing your labels.

  • 12 inch label, 10cm or 9,5cm diameter
  • 7 inch label, 8,4cm diameter, big middle hole 3,9cm
  • 7 inch (or 10 inch) label, 8,4cm diameter, small middle hole

Download and open in program of your choice.
(disable ledger lines before printing!)

Newcomers in the world of analogue sound reproduction often ask themselves the question of how the production of a vinyl record works or is called. clearly, a legitimate question that we like to clarify!

Vinyl records are only produced by:

  • cutting
  • pressing

Even if it is often asked or expressed: No! Vinyl records can neither be burned nor printed, insofar the intention is to make audiorecords out of vinyl.

The making of vinyl

How to play shellac correctly

If you want to play historical shellac records on your turntable, you shall watch out for the following steps in order not to damage the record or the pickup:

  • The turntable needs to be able to turn 78rpm (old turntables until the 70's are able to do this, modern turntables rarely have this feature!)
    ATTENTION: there are also shellac records that have to be played with a different speed than 78rpm, like 80rpm, 100rpm, or something similar!
  • Very important: Do not play shellac records using a traditional vinyl stylus, but a special stylus with a wider tip radius! Some systems offer a replaceable stylus tray for such purposes.
  • The shellac record still doesn't sound correct with a normal phono preamp but rather very "flat" and undefined, because the cutting characteristic of shellac records isn't the same like for standard stereo vinyl, which is the RIAA cutting characteristic. Depending on the manufacturer and the year, some shellacs have different cutting characteristics than other ones.

Digitizing & dubbing of shellacs

If you want to handle your shellac collectibles with care or have no special phono preamp with various settings, which are almost only offered at unbelievably high prices (800-1000 €!), we offer you a correct and professional digitalization of shellac records correctly or transfer of them to 10inch Vinyl with the classic 10inch format at 78rpm! You can reach out for ous here! (But beware: playing vinyl records on gramophones
will NOT work!)

In order to get the best sound result out of your records, the correct playback speed in connection with the playing time is an important thing! In this table, you will quickly find the right RPM we recommend you in order to get the best result. Do not worry - almost EVERY turntable offers the possibility to play 33rpm and 45rpm!

We also cut 10inches with 78rpm, inspired by the old shellac records with 5 min. / Side

It's easy and there are several ways to do it:

  • easiest with our upload tool

At the end of your order, we will guide you on your personal page. Here you can drop your files via drag & drop. You can also upload or change them later. We confirm your title list via email. After that, no changes are possible.

  • using external upload services

You can also send us the files directly via an upload service, for example, dropbox.com or wetransfer.com. You can enter the download link right after completing the order or send us a mail.

  • with ftp

if you submit your files via ftp, please send us a short email when you have loaded your tracks on ftp.drdub.com. recommended programs for this are filezilla and cuteftp for mac. We will send you the login data according to your order.

  • by email

You can also send us the files by email to praxis@drdub.com. please make sure that you do not attach more than 15mb of files per email. if necessary, you can simply send several mails.

  • oldschool - by post

You can also send us the files by post. please give your order number or at least a readable name and send everything to:
dr. dub, lindauweg 15, a-6391 fieberbrunn / tyrol, austria on dat, md, tape, mc, cdr, usb stick, or data cd.

At Dr.Dub you have (for the first time in history of vinyl) the opportunity to design your custom label stickers (A+B) and cover online while ordering. we print and finish them for you.

Advantage: You do not have to be a master of art or a graphic artist and pay attention to dimensions or color profiles, easy right?

Here you can test the label designer & cover designer outside of an order and export your finished designs as a file by clicking on "preview":

More information about cover prices & templates here

If the total length of your songs is 30 seconds longer than the given playing time per side, that's fine!

It's also okay, for example, if you choose a 12inch with 12min / side (24min total time) that has a A-side with 14min. & a B-side with 10min.

However, there are always maximum playing times per record side that must not be exceeded:

12inch vinyl side max. 25min
10inch vinyl side max. 16min
7inch vinyl side max. 6min

you can send us the following audio formats: .wav, .aif, .aiff, .mp3, .flac, .ogg, m4a.

.mp3 is not losslessly compressed. compared to .wav or aiff., information is omitted in order to minimize the size of the file. there are quite audible differences depending on how and how much compressed your .mp3 is.

some theory:
Audio is presented in the form of a curve. In a vinyl record, this curve is cut (very simplified). digitally, it is done using 0 & 1 parameters.
This determines a number of horizontal and vertical dots (as in a graph) and should approach the shape of a curve. strictly speaking, this is no curve but rather an up and down from horizontal and vertical lines. In .wav files, scaling is relatively fine. in order to see the edges and corners, one would need to 'zoom' in quite far. With .mp3's larger steps are taken to represent the curve. This makes the image 'edgier'.
As a comparison: Photos are also displayed in the digital world in the form of pixels. More pixels mean a larger resolution, a sharper image and a better quality.

Whether .mp3 files sound good on vinyl, we can only tell after a test cut. you can assume that good .mp3 files are also okay on vinyl. But if you do 'hear' the .mp3 file, there is a a high probability that your music will not sound good...

Unfortunately, we cannot accept complaints about the sound quality of very compressed file formats. Likewise, errors can be caused by mixed file formats and bit rates. Please specify if you send us "cabbage and turnips" ...

If something has been overlooked while creating a cover or labels and the order has already been placed, you can contact us here.

please mention your order number - we will activate the editing of your graphic files via the personal upload window again -then you can edit again. if everything fits, just click on Save!

MIND: After the invoice has already been sent or the order has been queued in the studio, no changes can be made.

are you tired of always playing the same grooves? make your own! we cut them for you. send us your loops, acapella beats etc. and we pack them on vinyl for endless scratch and drumbeat sessions.

  • if you need endless loops, please note the following: the tempo must be exactly 133 1/3 bpm for a 4/4 rhythm on a 12 "at 33 1/3 rpm, so your loop must be exactly 1.8 sec! loops which are supposed to run at 45 rpm need to have exactly 180bpm and be 1 1/3 seconds long!

attention: your tracks must meet some requirements. Get in contact with us and check out this video first.

For any number of Locked grooves, we charge 55,00 € calibration cost (5 ", 7", 10 ", 12").

While cutting vinyl dubplates, a lot of work goes into the setup, volume adjustments and test cuts of your project. After that is done it, takes us exactly as long as your tracks are to cut your records!

Quantity Discounts

  • 5 vinyl or more
    3% discount
  • 10 vinyl or more
    5% discount
  • 15 vinyl or more
    10% discount
  • 20 vinyl or more
    15% discount

at some point, it is cheaper to have your records pressed - do the math :)

Dub-Club Discounts

  • Dub-Club Steel
    5% discount / Vinyl (after 5 orders)
  • Dub-Club Sapphire
    10% discount / Vinyl (after 8 orders)
  • Dub-Club Diamond
    15% discount / Vinyl (after 12 orders)

If you register for the Dub-Club (the drdub style of a client profil) and order several times, you automatically benefit from these loyalty discounts.

Quantity and Dub-Club discounts will be added together. 15% Discount is the maximum.

These discounts are ONLY valid for ordering vinyl dubplates (starting at 1 piece) via our online configurator/shop! if you want to order a vinyl short run (starting at 6 pieces), a higher discount is already included in our short run bundles, take a look here!

Credit Card/Deposit Card
Apple Pay

If you indicate credit card, gpay, apple pay, eps as payment method in your order, you will get the possibility to pay via our partner global payments directly after order completion. eps transfer is only possible in austria.


You pay the invoice amount via the online provider PayPal. You have to be registered there or register first, legitimize with your access data and confirm the payment order to us. Further information can be found during the ordering process.

Bank transfer (prepayment)

When selecting the payment method in advance, we give you our bank details in the order confirmation and begin the production process of plates as soon as we receive your payment confirmation.


Registered letters sent to us work too, or you come over.

Cutting characteristics of records - that is why a phono preamplifier is needed

A cutting characteristic is a predetermined equalizer curve that includes decreasing or boosting of certain frequency ranges of an audio signal before cutting on a disk / master disk. When playing a record, this signal must be "reversed back" or equalized again with a phono amplifier in order to reproduce the signal as intended.

Without a phono preamplifier, the signal from a vinyl record would sound undefined and with a lack of bass frequencies. If you want to try it, just connect the turntable (without built in Phono preamp) directly to the Aux or Line-in input of the amp ...;)

Heavy technical background for the curious

When the shellac record was invented in 1896, there was no cutting characteristic until 1925 since all records were acoustically recorded and played by acoustic gramophones until then. From the beginning of the electrical recording of shellac records around the year 1925, there was a variety of cutting characteristics due to the larger possible frequency bandwidth depending on the manufacturer. These were required because of the physical limitations of the cut grooves. In 1954, the standardized cutting characteristic of the RIAA (Record Industry Association of America) was enforced. thanks to that, it is possible to store a very large amount of sound information in the grooves without loss of frequency components as well as to play it back again!

an acoustic gramophone, for example, did not equalize the audio signal, because there simply wasn't anything to equalize. it just played the shellac disk the exact same way it was cut. These recordings only included frequencies from approximately 150Hz to 4000Hz.

Nearly all stereo vinyl records are cut after the RIAA standard (since about 1954), which means that the audio signal is adjusted before the cut by means of a fixed EQ cutting line. In order to play it back, it again needs to be amplified and equalized by a phono preamp (or the phono input on your amp or av-receiver) to achieve the original signal image.

You can find a detailed listing of the recording time of every single vinyl plate on our prices page.

We also cut audio material on vinyl that is longer than the standard recording time (keyword: longer playtime).

but also take into account this article.

In a nutshell: No, a vinyl record CANNOT be played on a gramophone.

Heavy technical background for the curious

Speaking of a gramophone, the entire sound reproduction happens acoustically.
Exception: In the mid-1920s, there were already some retrofittable electric pickups for gramophones.

Theoretical requirement for vinyl records on gramophones:

  1. The audio on the record must be cut 100% in mono since the gramophone can only read horizontally in grooves.
  2. The grooves need to be cut thicker for the "thicker" stylus (about 6 mils wide).
  3. 10inch diameter and 78rpm playback speed with max. 5min. playing time, which was usual on gramophones.

These are the reasons why it still does not make sense to play vinyl records on a gramophone despite the 10inch and 78rpm format:

  1. The sound is very "dull" and missing bass, because an acoustic gramophone could not equalize the audio signal from vinyl records (which is done by the phono preamplifier in modern record players), see RIAA-cutting-characteristic , but that wouldn't trouble you because before that, this happens:
  2. The grooves of the "soft" vinyl record would (as opposed to hard shellac records) be all plowed out by the VERY high weight (about 100g!) of the gramophone stylus on the sound can.
But the other way round is possible - to play shellac records on turntables, more info HERE !

You have an important gig at the weekend?
The borg are attacking and only you can save the world by playing some nice vinyl riddims?
You forgot your girlfriend's birthday present and you really need it this week or you'll get killed?

Then choose our dr. dub prime service while ordering.

This doesn't mean that we otherwise slowly process your order, but sometimes the demand is great and it can, therefore, take up to 5 work days until your vinyl are finished.

Our prime service, however, ensures shipping within 1-2 work days for a maximum of 6 vinyl.

With this option, we cut your vinyl disks with our feedback cutterheads. It is basically the same process as cutting a lacquer master (but directly on a PVC blank).

This vinyl records have:

- heavy weight (e.g. 180g for 12")
- highly linear frequency response
- very transparent sound
- exact stereo imaging

A feedback cutterhead is the Mercedes Benz among record cutters and delivers top notch quality in any aspect. Please do not choose this option if you want us to cut mp3's. The Germans call this "perlen vor die säue werfen...".